The link between oral health and general health has been proven significant. Many general diseases conditions have oral manifestations that increase the risk of oral diseases and, conversely, oral diseases are a risk factor for a number of general diseases conditions.
Periodontitis and cardiovascular disease
Studies have suggested that bacteria from gum disease may travel through the bloodstream, potentially contributing to the formation of artery-clogging plaques and play a role in heart disease, a stroke and in cardiovascular accident. (AVC)
Periodontitis and diabetes
LPeople with diabetes have 2 to 3 times greater risk to have periodontal disease, especially for the people who don't have their diabetes under control. Inversely, periodontal disease may make it more difficult for people who have diabetes to control their blood sugar.
Periodontitis and pregnancy
Pregnant women with periodontal disease have a 7 times greater risk of having a premature or low birth weight baby. In addition, the hormonal changes associated with pregnancy (e.g. progesterone) can affect the gums and the presence of plaque can worsen the situation.
Periodontitis and respiratory disease
Scientists have found that bacteria that grow in the oral cavity can be aspirated into the lung and cause respiratory diseases such as pneumonia and other types of pulmonary infections. The risk is higher for people who have a periodontal disease, because the periodontal pocket acts as a reservoir for numerous toxic bacteria.