In the 50s, by a happy coincidence, the orthopaedic surgeon and professor Per-Ingvar Brånemark (a Swedish), discovers the biocompatibility of titanium with bone. At the end of his research, he designs a screw shaped like a dental root which will aim to replace missing teeth. Since then, thousands of implants were « implanted » in order to restore oral health, masticator function and aesthetics of the smile lost with the removal of one or more teeth.
There are a lot of reasons to say YES to dental implants!
Whether you are missing one, several or all of your teeth, dental implants are a wiser choice to replace missing teeth. They can :
A bridge, a traditional solution
For many years, a bridge has been used to replace a missing tooth. The disadvantage of this treatment is that the teeth adjacent to the space must be filed down. This means that healthy teeth are compromised by the removal of tooth structure. Moreover, as the bone of the extracted tooth is not stimulated, it shrinks, leaving a larger space between the gum and the bridge.
An implant, a cutting-edge solution
Implants appear to be a wiser choice: it allows replacing the missing tooth or teeth without altering the structure of adjacent teeth. In addition, it allows stimulation of the bone in which it is implanted.
Fixed bridge on dental implants
Conventional complete denture
A conventional complete denture is used when all the teeth are missing. It is usually held in place by suction. However, this alternative presents several disadvantages:
N.B. Some patients who believe they have "bad teeth" may think it is in their best interest to have all their teeth extracted and full dentures placed. However, statistics show that the majority of patients who actually receive this treatment end up regretting their decision. This is because full dentures have only 10% of the chewing power of natural teeth, and it is difficult to get them properly adjusted, particularly in the mandibular arch (lower jaw).
Implant-supported dentures are a type of overdenture that are supported by and attached to implants. They are used when a person doesn’t have any teeth, but has enough bone in the jaw to support implants.
Implant-retained denture is anchored onto two or more implants by ball or locator attachments and offers excellent retention. It can be removed easily for proper cleaning. Therefore, because it is a removable system, there must be a frequent adjustment of the attachments due to prosthesis metal wear.
Implant bar supported denture
Implant bar supported denture feature clips that attach the denture to a bar connected to four or more implants (according to your needs). This design provides a considerable retention even more significant than an implant retained-denture with ball or locator attachments. It can be removed daily for a proper cleaning. Such as implant-retained denture, clips may need to be change frequently due to prosthesis metal wear.
Fixed crowns and bridges on dental implants
Crowns or fixed bridges on implants are the best alternative to replace missing teeth that offers the most natural appearance. Cemented or screwed, the crowns or bridges are fixed firmly on several implants. Since there is no metal wear and because they are fixed, maintenance is much less frequent than dentures. However, it is important to have a sufficient bone level to put in place implants.