Other treatments

Distal wedge

A distal wedge surgery is a very simple procedure which produces minimal postsurgical discomfort. The surplus of tissues facilitates the retention and action of bacterial plaque. The difficult access to this area by the patient impedes efficient plaque control. The objective of this surgery is to eliminate excess of soft tissues behind the last tooth.


A biopsy is a medical test involving the removal of tissue for examination. It is indicated for the purpose of histological analysis if:

  • a suspicious lesion is present (analysis will determine if a lesion is benign or malignant);
  • there is persistence of the lesion beyond 2 to 3 weeks after the removal of etiological factors.

This is a minor surgery under local anaesthesia.

Labial and sublingual frenectomy

A frenum (also called frenulum) is a band of tissue that connects or holds down a part of the body such as the tongue, lip, or cheeks. The band of tissue connecting the tongue to the floor of the mouth is called the lingual frenum, while the band connecting the lip to the gum in front of the teeth is called the labial frenum. Occasionally, a frenum might be exceptionally short, thick, or tight, or may extend too far down along the tongue or the gum. When a frenum is positioned in such a way it interferes with the normal alignment of teeth or constrict the movement of the tongue or lips. This maybe rectified with a very simple surgery called a frenectomy.

Night guard

Occlusal splints (also called bite splints, bite planes or night guards) are typically made of a heat-cured acrylic resin. They are removable dental appliances carefully molded to fit the upper or lower arches of teeth. They are recommended for the people who grind (bruxism) or clench their teeth. Bruxism and clenching can lead to:

  • temporomandibular joint dysfunction;
  • tooth fracture or tooth attrition;
  • bridge, crown and dental implant over denture fracture;
  • periodontals problems: unstable periodontal disease, gingival recessions.

People who are prone to noctural bruxism or night time clenching, should routinely wear occlusal splints at night.

Splinting teeth

Splinting teeth amongst each other allows weakened teeth to gain support from neighbouring ones. When used to connect periodontally compromised teeth, splinting can increase patient comfort during chewing.